Surrogacy market

A market of international size

A market of international size

Map surrogacy

Deep Purple: Authorized commercial and “non commercial” / Purple: “Non commercial” solely / Light Pink: Tolerated by lack of legislation

Size of the market in $

  • USA – since 1970, more than 30 000 births to date, many of them for foreigners – an estimated 3000 births/year – +/- 465 M$/year
  • India – « Low cost » -1000 clinics – 100 % export – avg25 000$ – 2,15 billion $ in 2012
  • Russia – 1 000 births in 2012 avg transaction costs around 22 000$ – 22 M$
  • Thailand – avg pricetag between 46 000 $ – 18 M$
  • Ukraine – around 200 births in 2012 avg transaction costs around 40 000$ – 8 M$
  • Georgia170 babies born in 2013 – avg pricetag between 23 and 46 000 $ – 5 M$
  • Nepal 5 M$
  • Israel  – 5 M$
  • UK – non “commercial” since 1985 – 100 births per year – expense reimbursment – +/- hidden revenue

Very under-valued 4 billion $ annual market

A market ecosystem
  • Global ART market was valued at $9.3 billion in 2012 and is expected to grow up to $21.6 billion by 2020.
  • Egg-freezing – up to 20 000$ plus 800$ storage fee per year.
  • Sperm $50 to $200 per specimen depending on screening
  • « Comfort » surrogacy : Nicole Kidman, Ricky Martin, Sarah Jessica Parker,…
  • Genome sequencing 8 000$/genome
  • 3 parent- DNA – Mitochondrial replacement authorized in UK- from curing to human enhancement / new breeds or species?
  • Artificial Uterus
  • Many service providers Lawyers, banks, psycho-analysts,
  • Serious financial stake for pharmaceutical labs (antidepressants, hormones…) and research (genome sequencing and embryo selection)

 

Internet-based network

internet-1

Active agencies

internet-2

A market of slaves in a neo-liberal world
  • charpie-hebdo-gpaSurrogacy is a procreative prostitution
  • Poor countries – Surrogacy contracts represent a huge amount  compared to the average annual revenue of an Indian or Nigerian family eg
  • Coertion of women – examined and treated as slaves
  • Colateral physical and mental health risks (to compare to organ selling)
  • Surrogacy goes with Eugenism and Transhumanism
  • “ Most surrogate mothers earn just above the poverty line, and less than 4 percent of surrogate mothers are reported to have received graduate school education. Over 40 percent of surrogates are unemployed, receiving financial assistance, or both” in Kimbrell, A. 1993. The Human Body Shop: The Engineering and Marketing of Life, New York: Harper San Francisco. 
Impossible altruism

Natural evolution from Non-commercial to commercial

  • From  a logic of supposed « altruism » to « supply and demand ». In Belgium, the surrogate appointed for the job are:
    • 60% family relatives
    • 27% close friends
    • 13% women hired on internet
  • Stipends, compensation, defrayal can be significant on top of the reimbursement of medical expenses, taken care of by social security in countries where IVF procedures are covered.
  • For the child, whether he/she was bought it makes no difference
  • The Artificial Reproductive Technology market  = over 46 billion $

 

Actualités

Stop Surrogacy Before it is Too Late

By Kajsa Ekis Ekman Surrogacy doesn’t liberate us from biological constraints — it turns women’s bodies in factories. What do Elton John, Sarah Jessica Parker, Ricky Martin and Nicole Kidman have in common? The answer — happily reported by celebrity site Glamour... read more

International surrogacy is dangerous and unfair

Recent revelations by Fairfax Media that an Australian couple may have abandoned one of their surrogate twins who had tested positive for down syndrome, while whisking his healthy sister off to Australia, shed a rare light on the hidden and fundamentally unjust world... read more